Use of oil painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating
The research was funded by the ESRF, the Ministry of Information and Culture of Afghanistan and UNESCO. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.A part of this study was also funded by the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists from the Ministry of Education and Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan. The scientists discovered that 12 out of the 50 caves were painted with oil-painting techniques, using perhaps walnut and poppy seed drying oils.
In the ancient Mediterranean world, drying oils were used in medicines, cosmetics, and perfumes.
"This is the earliest clear example of oil paintings in the world, although drying oils were already used by ancient Romans and Egyptians, but only as medicines and cosmetics," said researcher Yoko Taniguchi.
In many European history and art textbooks, oil painting is said to have started in the 15th century in Europe.
Researchers made the discovery while conducting a chemical analysis as part of preservation and restoration efforts at Bamian, which lies about 145 miles (240 kilometers) northwest of the Afghan capital, Kabul.
Buddhist murals from Afghanistan's famed Bamian caves are the world's earliest known oil paintings, according to a new chemical analysis.